Sources Cited

1. Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. “The Toll of Tobacco in Minnesota.” November 2016.
https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/problem/toll-us/minnesota

2 and 15. Institute of Medicine. “Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products.” Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2015
https://tobacco21.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Public-Health-Implications-of-Raising-the-Min imum-Age-of-Legal-Access-to-Tobacco-Products-Institute-of-Medicine.pdf

3. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Tobacco Products. “Modifications to Compliance Policy for Certain Deemed Tobacco Products Guidance for Industry DRAFT GUIDANCE.” 2019.
https://www.fda.gov/media/121384/download

4. Zhu, S-H, et al., “Evolution of Electronic Cigarette Brands from 2013-2014 to 2016-2017: Analysis of Brand Websites.” Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(3), published online March 12, 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29530840

5. Minnesota Department of Health. “Data Highlights from the 2017 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey.” February 15, 2018.
https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/tobacco/data/docs/2017mytshighlights.pdf

6, 7, 8 and 10.​ ​​Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.​ ​“Keep Kids E-Cigarette Free.” August 20, 2018.
https://www.cdc.gov/features/ecigarettes-back-to-school/index.html

9. Smokefree.gov. “What We Know About Electronic Cigarettes.” 2016.
https://smokefree.gov/quit-smoking/ecigs-menthol-dip/ecigs

11. Goniewicz ML, Knysak J, Gawron M, et al. “Levels of Selected Carcinogens and Toxicants in Vapour from Electronic Cigarettes.” ​Tobacco Control.​ 2013
https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/2/133

12. California Department of Public Health. “Know the Signs” from FlavorsHookKids.org. 2018.
https://www.flavorshookkids.org

13.​ ​​Huffington Post. “E-Cigarettes May Not Be As Safe As You Think.” May 17, 2014.
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/17/more-ecigarette-injuries_n_5165480.html

14.​ ​​Williams, Rebecca S., et al. “Electronic Cigarette Sales to Minors via the Internet.” JAMA Pediatrics, American Medical Association, 2 Mar. 2015.
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/2174572

16.​ ​​King BA, Jama AO, Marynak KL, Promoff GR. Attitudes Toward Raising the Minimum Age of Sale for Tobacco Among U.S. Adults. Am J Prev Med. 2015.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4575862/

17. Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota. “Smoking Claims More Than 6,000 Lives, Costs Minnesota Over $3 Billion Annually.” January 2017.
https://www.centerforpreventionmn.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/SmokingReport_X18121-1.17.pdf

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