Sources Cited

1. Minnesota Department of Health. "New survey shows Minnesota youth tobacco use rising for the first time in 17 years." February 15, 2018.
http://www.health.state.mn.us/news/pressrel/2018/youthtob021518.html

2.​ ​​Smokefree.gov. “What We Know About Electronic Cigarettes.” 2016.
https://smokefree.gov/quit-smoking/ecigs-menthol-dip/ecigs

3, 7, 8 and 9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.​ ​“Keep Kids E-Cigarette Free.” August 20, 2018.
https://www.cdc.gov/features/ecigarettes-back-to-school/index.html

4. Goniewicz ML, Knysak J, Gawron M, et al. “Levels of Selected Carcinogens and Toxicants in Vapour from Electronic Cigarettes.” ​Tobacco Control.​ 2013
https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/2/133

5. Minnesota Department of Health. “Data Highlights from the 2017 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey.” February 15, 2018.
http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/hpcd/tpc/docs/2017_myts_highlights.pdf

6. Zhu, S-H, et al., “Evolution of Electronic Cigarette Brands from 2013-2014 to 2016-2017: Analysis of Brand Websites.” Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(3), published online March 12, 2018.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29530840

10. California Department of Public Health. “Know the Signs” from FlavorsHookKids.org. 2018.
https://www.flavorshookkids.org

11.​ ​​Huffington Post. “E-Cigarettes May Not Be As Safe As You Think.” May 17, 2014.
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/17/more-ecigarette-injuries_n_5165480.html

12.​ ​​Williams, Rebecca S., et al. “Electronic Cigarette Sales to Minors via the Internet.” JAMA Pediatrics, American Medical Association, 2 Mar. 2015.
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/2174572

13 and 16. Institute of Medicine. “Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products.” Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2015
https://tobacco21.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Public-Health-Implications-of-Raising-the-Min imum-Age-of-Legal-Access-to-Tobacco-Products-Institute-of-Medicine.pdf

14.​ ​​King BA, Jama AO, Marynak KL, Promoff GR. Attitudes Toward Raising the Minimum Age of Sale for Tobacco Among U.S. Adults. Am J Prev Med. 2015.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4575862/

15. Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. “The Toll of Tobacco in Minnesota.” November 2016.
https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/problem/toll-us/minnesota

17. Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota. “Smoking Claims More Than 6,000 Lives, Costs Minnesota Over $3 Billion Annually.” January 2017.
https://www.centerforpreventionmn.com/newsroom/press-releases/2017-cost-of-smoking-report

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